Posts

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    Heart Failure In Covid‐19 Patients: Prevalence, Incidence And Prognostic Implications

    4 Sep, 2020
    ABSTRACT
    AIMS

    Data regarding impact of COVID‐19 in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients and its potential to trigger acute heart failure (AHF) is lacking. The aim of this work was to study characteristics, cardiovascular outcomes and mortality in patients with confirmed COVID‐19 infection and prior diagnosis of HF. Also, to identify predictors and prognostic implications for AHF decompensations during hospital admission and to determine whether there was a correlation between withdr...
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    The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on the practice of thoracic oncology surgery: a survey of members of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS)

    1 Sep, 2020
    OBJECTIVES
    There is widespread acknowledgment that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has disrupted surgical services. The European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) sent out a survey to assess what impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on the practice of thoracic oncology surgery.
    METHODS
    All ESTS members were invited (13–20 April 2020) to complete an online questionnaire of 26 questions, designed by the ESTS learning affairs committee.
    RESULTS
    The response rate was 23.0% an...
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    Overview of the current promising approaches for the development of an effective severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine

    1 Sep, 2020
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic infectious disease caused by the novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. There is a gap in our understanding regarding the immunopathogenesis of COVID-19. However, many clinical trials are underway across the world for screening effective drugs against COVID-19. Nevertheless, currently, no proven effective therapies for this virus exists. The vaccines are deemed as a significant part of disease prevention for emerging viral diseases, since, in se...
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    Facial Trauma Management during the COVID-19 era: a primer for surgeons

    30 Aug, 2020
    Abstract
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused more than 6.1 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 in more than 188 countries, and has caused more than 370,000 deaths globally as of June 1, 2020. In addition, thousands of healthcare workers have also got infected with the virus. COVID-19 patients release large amounts of infectious viral particles in form of droplets from cough, sneeze and respiratory secretions....
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    Immunogenicity of a single-dose compared with a two-dose primary series followed by a booster dose of ten-valent or 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in South African children: an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial

    30 Aug, 2020
    BackgroundRoutine childhood immunisation with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has changed the epidemiology of pneumococcal disease across age groups, providing an opportunity to reconsider PCV dosing schedules. We aimed to evaluate the post-booster dose immunogenicity of ten-valent (PCV10) and 13-valent (PCV13) PCVs between infants randomly assigned to receive a single-dose compared with a two-dose primary series.MethodsWe did an open-label, non-inferiority, randomised study in HIV-unexp...
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    A prospective cohort study of the impact of covid19 world pandemic on the management of emergency surgical pathology

    28 Aug, 2020
    Editor
    The global pandemic due to the SARS‐Cov‐2 virus is having an unprecedented impact on surgical procedures1. Despite having started multiple analyzes on surgery during the pandemic2, there have been no studies on the impact of its on the management of emergency surgical pathology. Thus, a comparative cohort study of prospective databases was done. Study group (n = 127) included emergency surgeries done during COVID‐19 pandemic: between March 11, 2020 (declaration of a global...
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    The potential public health consequences of COVID-19 on malaria in Africa

    28 Aug, 2020
    Abstract
    The burden of malaria is heavily concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where cases and deaths associated with COVID-19 are rising1. In response, countries are implementing societal measures aimed at curtailing transmission of SARS-CoV-22,3. Despite these measures, the COVID-19 epidemic could still result in millions of deaths as local health facilities become overwhelmed4. Advances in malaria control this century have been largely due to distribution of long-lasting insecticida...
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    Remdesivir for severe covid-19: a clinical practice guideline

    26 Aug, 2020
    Abstract
    Clinical question What is the role of remdesivir in the treatment of severe covid-19? This guideline was triggered by the ACTT-1 trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine on 22 May 2020.

    Current practice Remdesivir has received worldwide attention as a potentially effective treatment for severe covid-19. After rapid market approval in the US, remdesivir is already being used in clinical practice.

    Recommendations The guideline pan...
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    Elective Surgical Procedure Guidance

    25 Aug, 2020
    Current Status
    During the COVID-19 pandemic, surgeries and procedures (collectively referred to as “procedures”) for life-threatening conditions or those with a potential to cause permanent disability have been and continue to be allowed.

    Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals and ambulatory surgical treatment centers (ASTCs) have deferred nonessential procedures to conserve resources for the care of COVID-19 patients. Some procedures that could reasonably be delayed for a time hav...
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    Construction of a simple quality appraisal tool for rapid review of laparoscopic surgery guidelines during COVID‐19 pandemic

    24 Aug, 2020

    Editor

    The theoretical danger of virus transmission during Laparoscopic Surgery (LS) via surgical smoke and laparoscopy gas prompted several academic/ national associations to issue many rapidly emerging guidelines for laparoscopic during COVID‐19 pandemic. Conventional appraisal tools like GRADE and AGREE II, which assess the quality of evidence and methodological rigor in the development of guidelines, have very rigorous exhaustive checklists. This makes them impractica...
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    What the immune response to the coronavirus says about the prospects for a vaccine

    24 Aug, 2020

    In the late 1980s, 15 healthy people moved into new apartments in Salisbury, UK. On their third day, each was asked to snort a nostrilful of solution containing a coronavirus — one of several viruses that causes the common cold. Then the volunteers spent three weeks quarantined at the Common Cold Unit, part of the Medical Research Council, where researchers monitored a range of symptoms. Some study participants likened stays at the Common Cold Unit to a vacation — if so, it was a holiday ...
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    ESSKA guidelines and recommendations for resuming elective surgery

    24 Aug, 2020
    Abstract
    The roadmap to elective surgery resumption after this COVID-19 pandemic should be progressive and cautious. The aim of this paper was to give recommendations and guidelines for resuming elective orthopedic surgery in the safest environment possible. Elective surgery should be performed in COVID-free facilities and hospital stay should be as short as possible. For matters of safety, patients considered first for surgery should be carefully selected according to COVID infection stat...